Antonym is a semantic relationship established between two or more words that have conflicting meanings or that are incompatible within the same context. For example: day/night, dead/alive, striped/plain.
The opposite of antonyms are synonyms , words that share meaning. For example: cute/beautiful.
- See also: Synonyms and antonyms
types of antonyms
- Scalars . Between the opposing terms there are terms that can be inserted, according to a gradual scale. For example: tiny/huge . In the middle you can insert words like: small, medium, large, giant.
- polar . They lack intermediate degrees and the negation of one of these words represents the affirmation of the other or the meaning of one eliminates that of the other. For example: alive/dead . Someone cannot be alive and dead at the same time, and there are no intermediate degrees between life and death.
- Reciprocals . These are those antonyms in which the meaning of one implies the existence of the other, that is, one cannot exist without the other. For example, for a person to be a father, he needs to have a child. Other examples could be: give/receive, buy/sell .
examples of antonyms
|black White||sick – healthy||broken – healthy|
|fat – skinny||get out come in||light – shadow|
|cute – ugly||by – odd||cover – uncover|
|High Low||Laugh cry||min MAX|
|big small||lie, truth||strong weak|
|far near||wet dry||fast slow|
|Summer Winter||noise – silence||cloudy – clear|
|Live dead||hunger – satiety||few – many|
|day Night||Angel Demon||just unfair|
|artificial-natural||up and down||cowardly – brave|
|cold hot||full empty||rich, poor|
|happy Sad||hate love||build – destroy|
|off – on||easy hard||take off landing|
|short long||bad good||Peace war|
|weak strong||separate – unite||order – chaos|
|clean dirty||dark light||altruism – selfishness|
|thin thick||ancient – modern||sit – stop|
|illegal – legal||open close||sleep – wake up|
|private public||cheap expensive||triumph – defeat|
|noise – silence||early late||show hide|
|pay – collect||heavy light||lack – leftover|
|give – receive||polite – rude||have – lack|
|save – spend||old young||blind – sighted|
|talk – shut up||brave – fearful||cult – ignorant|
|single married||up down||clumsy – agile|
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