Thanks to the 5 senses we perceive the world
The 5 senses are the organs in charge of allowing us to perceive the world. Can you imagine what your life would be like without any of your senses? The senses generally work together to give us a clear picture of everything around us. In fact, if one sense fails due to accident or illness, then other senses will become stronger to compensate for the lost sense.
The five senses are: taste, sight, touch, smell and hearing.
The organs of the 5 senses
Taste: Our sense of taste comes from the tongue. The tongue is an organ that not only captures the taste of our food, but also its texture and temperature. In addition, it allows us to produce sounds when we speak.
Sight: Our sense of sight depends on our eyes. The eyes are organs that focus images to convert them into messages that are sent to the brain through the optic nerves.
Touch: the skin is the organ responsible for the sense of touch. This organ is the largest in our body. Through this sense we recognize temperature, pressure and pain. Through the nerve endings in our skin, the brain recognizes whether something is soft or hot.
Smell: our nose is the organ we use to smell. The inside of the nose is covered with something called mucous membranes. These membranes have odor receptors connected to a special nerve, called the olfactory nerve, which sends messages to the brain allowing it to know and identify different odors or aromas.
Ear or hearing: we find the sense of hearing in our ears. They collect sounds and send messages to the brain through the auditory nerve.
The 5 senses allow us to enjoy our world
Our senses work tirelessly, we use them during the day to perceive what is happening around us, but they continue to serve us even when we sleep.
Did you know . . . ?
✔ Smell affects the sense of taste. Try putting an onion close to your nose while eating a banana or apple. You will see how the smell of the onion alters the flavor of what you eat.
✔ The tongue can only distinguish four tastes: salty, sweet, sour and bitter. It is also one of the strongest muscles in the body and can heal from injury faster than other parts of our body.
✔ Our skin, the organ responsible for touch, contains most of the nerve endings in our body.
✔ Blind people can use their sense of touch to read Braille, which is a type of writing that uses a series of raised dots to represent different letters of the alphabet.
✔ Deaf people rely on sign language to communicate. This is done by using your hands and body language to communicate with others.