plants, living organisms
Plants are living organisms, they are made up of complex cells and they produce their own food through a process known as photosynthesis.
Plants are part of the Plantae kingdom which includes trees, herbs, shrubs, ferns, mosses, and green algae. The scientific study of plants, known as botany, has identified around 350,000 plant species.
Most plants grow on land, with stems above it and roots below, others float in water.
Parts of the plants
Plants, like humans, are made up of parts that perform very important functions, these parts are:
Root: The roots of a plant grow underground. The roots support the plant like our feet do. Another important function of the roots is to allow the plant to absorb and absorb water and minerals from the soil. Some plants store food in their roots.
Stem: it is the main structure that supports the leaves and flowers. Stems have vascular tissues that store and transport food and water throughout the plant.
Leaves: is the organ of a plant responsible for photosynthesis, the process by which plants capture energy from sunlight and produce their own food
Flowers: Many plants have flowers. Flowers are the part of the plant where seeds are produced.
How do plants eat?
A plant needs sunlight, carbon dioxide, minerals, and water to make its food through photosynthesis. The mixture of water with mineral salts is called crude sap. In order for the plant to make its food, the raw sap is transported down the stem to the leaves.
Upon reaching the leaves, the raw sap mixes with the carbon dioxide that the leaves take in from the air and becomes processed sap, which is the food of the plants.
Leaves are food factories! We find them of different sizes, colors and shapes, but they are always the organ in charge of producing the elaborated sap. Once the leaves produce the sap, it will be transported to the other parts of the plant, such as stems and roots.
Let’s take care of the plants!
Plants not only beautify our environment and serve us as food; They also absorb gases that are toxic to humans, such as carbon dioxide, while generating the oxygen that we all breathe. Take care of them!
Did you know . . . ?
✔ Fungi and non-green algae are not classified as plants.
✔ Some plants are carnivorous and obtain nutrients by eating small insects and spiders.
✔ Bamboo is the fastest growing plant, some of them can grow almost a meter in just one day.