Synonyms and antonyms are one of the first lessons children learn in language classes. It not only helps them to know the meanings of different words, but also expands their vocabulary and stimulates a more fluid writing, free of unnecessary repetitions. In addition, it is an excellent exercise to train memory and promote cognitive development, while facilitating the learning of other languages.
The ideal is to start working on synonyms and antonyms from an early age, so that children begin to discover the links of equivalence or differentiation that unite words. To do this, the first step is to explain to them what synonyms and antonyms are, giving them some examples that allow them to understand these concepts more easily.
What are synonyms? 30 examples to understand the concept
According to the Royal Spanish Academy, synonyms are those words or expressions that have the same or very similar meaning. Basically, they are different terms that are used to indicate the same or very similar meaning, as is the case of begin and begin. Likewise, it is considered that there are two basic types of synonyms: full and partial.
- full synonym. It is an unusual type of synonymy that refers to completely interchangeable terms in the same context, such as the case of alphabet and alphabet. The sentence “You must learn the alphabet” has the same meaning as “You must learn the alphabet.”
- partial synonym. It is the most frequent type of synonymy. It refers to terms that are interchangeable in a certain context, but not in others, for example: union and outside. The sentence “Let’s unite the ingredients” means the same as “Let’s mix the ingredients”, but the phrase “The union was strength” does not mean the same as “The mixture was strength”.
Some examples of synonyms are:
- Nice: Beautiful, precious, beautiful, handsome, cute, cute, graceful, wonderful, spectacular or attractive
- Acceptance: approval, approval, assent
- Create: Invent, beget, procreate, imagine, conceive, establish, found, establish, institute, legitimize
- Make sure: make sure, certify, corroborate, ratify
- Happiness: pleasure, joy, fortune, fortune, luck, contentment, prosperity, comfort, boom or well-being
- Enrage: Provoke, irritate, challenge, annoy, annoy, rage, enrage, enrage, enrage, annoy, exasperate, enervate, irritate, piss off, twitch or rage
- Easy: Simple, elementary, thrown away, clear, current, feasible, evident, obvious, simple, affordable, understandable, comfortable, comfortable or calm
- Truth: evidence, sincerity, accuracy, veracity, confirmation, certainty, effectiveness, frankness, truism, claim, reality, justification, authenticity, assertion
- Peace: tranquility, peace, harmony, calm, rest, concord, conciliation, agreement, friendship, stillness, union
- Intention: desire, claim, look, purpose, design, commitment, will, determination, idea, thought, purpose, objective, goal, motive
- Horizon: line, border, limit, distance, distance, space, situation, extension, perspectives, possibilities, future, exits
- Health: health, health, freshness, robustness, strength, vigor, vitality, energy.
- Discipline: docility, obedience, order, rigor, submission, method
- Generous: Giving, splendid, altruistic, selfless, unselfish, merciful, kind, charitable or magnanimous
- Friend: partner, comrade, acquaintance, addict, affection, ally, unconditional, inseparable, loyal, supporter
- Find: discover, locate, find, stumble, run into, collide, hit, hit, appear, converge
- Govern: command, direct, govern, manage, lead, guide, manage, preside over, run, steer
- Language: Language, language, speech, jargon, slang or expression
- Intelligence: Intellect, mind, thought, imagination, comprehension, knowledge, insight, reasoning, judgment, reason, acumen, ability, brain, wit, or wisdom
- Work: occupation, function, mission, assignment, task, labor, task, task, operation, pit, labor
- Study: learning, training, instruction, preparation, teaching, application, memorization
- Whole: complete, intact, uncorrupted, virgin, unalterable, full, perfect, finished, robust, healthy, fulfilled, exact, firm, strong
- Ability: ability, competence, aptitude, dexterity, expertise, experience, grace, ingenuity, ease, practice, quality, hand, skill
- Family: kindred, relatives, descendants, ascendants, clan, offspring, lineage, lineage, caste, strain, group, trunk, set
- Nature: essence, substance, property, being, condition, quality, matter
- Book: copy, volume, volume, work, text, manual, compendium
- Same: identical, equivalent, same, synonym, ditto, literal, exact, similar, similar, twinned, twin, related, congener
- Game: fun, entertainment, recreation, amusement, recreation, pleasure, solace, distraction, sport, pastime
- Rest: rest, respite, truce, pause, stop, stillness, leisure, cessation, stillness
- Love: love, affection, attachment, tenderness, passion, adoration, fondness, predilection, love
What is meant by antonyms? 30 examples of antonyms
According to the Royal Spanish Academy, antonyms are those words or expressions that express a meaning or an opposite idea. Basically, these are different terms that are used to define different or conflicting concepts, such as abbreviate and expand. Likewise, it is considered that there are three types of antonyms: gradual, complementary and reciprocal.
- Gradual antonyms: It refers to two opposite words between which there are intermediate degrees, as in the case of black and white, where gray is in the middle.
- Complementary antonyms: In this case, the meaning of a word is incompatible with that of its antonym, as in the case of alive or dead, since if it is alive it cannot be dead and vice versa.
- Reciprocal antonyms: In this case, the meaning of one word is closely related to that of another, without which it would not make sense, such as buying and selling. If no one sells anything, no one can buy anything.
Some examples of antonyms are:
- Lie: truth, veracity
- Thank: disgrace, forget
- Form: disfigure, deform, destroy, disorganize, brutalize, dumb
- minor: major, superior
- Healthy: sickly, puny, unhealthy, unhygienic
- Honest: unscrupulous, corrupt, undesirable, despised, scorned
- happy: sad, wretched, unhappy
- Ugly: elegant, pretty, beautiful
- Weak: strong, resistant, hard
- Obese: skinny, thin, emaciated
- High: low, lower
- Clean: dirty, dirty, contaminated, infected
- Joy: sadness, pessimism
- Patience: restlessness, restlessness
- Brave: cowardly, scaredy, chicken
- Learn: unlearn, ignore, forget, slack off, slack off
- Intelligent: foolish, ignorant
- Energy: weakness, weakness
- Respect: disregard, disobedience
- Fear: courage, bravery, tranquility
- Shy: daring, resolute, daring
- to be born: to die, to pass away
- Speak; silence, shut up, omit
- Yell: whisper, murmur
- Running: late, stop, delay
- Nice: ugly, repellent, horrible, unpleasant, misshapen, disgusting, repellent
- Dilute: thicken, concentrate, consolidate, solidify, settle
- turn off: turn on, turn on, turn on
- Insult: praise, praise
- Search: give up, desist, abandon